A Proposition of Policy
Speech makes a persuasive argument about a course of action regarding
a controversial topic of social or public concern.
This speech requires you to use all that you’ve
learned this semester. It is also the most difficult type of speech to deliver, in that you may be asking your audience to
change long held beliefs and opinions.
Now, you get to take
the soapbox, and argue about what keeps you awake at night, or yelling at the television.
Your speech will take
a position and make an argument about both a problem and the solution. You will use your opinion, yes, but it will have become
a learned opinion, as a result of your research and reading. You must cite 4 outside sources
to demonstrate your credibility.
A Proposition of
the Question: should a particular course of action be taken;
for or against solution(s);
the word “should;”
include a Proposition of Fact Speech;
ask for audience to passively agree;
ask for audience to take immediate action.
ANALYZING AND ORGANIZING PROPOSITIONS OF POLICY
In general, you are persuading
us that a serious problem needs our attention (with evidence about its causes and effects), and that you have found a solution
(may be yours alone or yours and a combination of your expert sources; does not need to solve the problem entirely).
In this speech you will first
make us miserable with the PROBLEM – then – you create our need to hear of the SOLUTION.
Think of policy speeches in
terms of Need, Plan, and Practicality.
Carry those issues into your
Organization Strategy One:
Organization Strategy Two:
Organization Strategy Three:
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
Attention (in the intro)
Organization Strategy Four:
--use when the audience already
agrees with you about the causes and effects of the problem;
--focus on debating the strengths
of competing solutions.
How is the Proposition of
Policy Speech SIMILIAR TO the Proposition of Fact Speech?
You are making an argument
about a public or social problem. Experts debate and disagree, and you are joining that conversation. You are not informing
the audience; instead you take a position and argue.
WHY do I have to Interpret
Isn’t a fact
–well--a fact? When people disagree, isn’t it really just a matter of one not knowing the truth?
Consider two medical doctors–each went to the same
medical school, received the same scores on state boards, and has comparable positions at local hospitals. Yet, one believes
that life begins at birth (pro-choice); while the other believes that life begins at conception (pro-life). When experts disagree
about facts (and values), we have propositional arguments, in which facts are used to support claims, and the
facts themselves are often in dispute. In this speech, you will make an argument about a serious problem, addressing the effects
and causes of the problem.
The areas of controversy for your topic
will be found in the causes and effects of the problem. Each topic, however, will have different areas of controversy.
For example most agree about the effects of juvenile crime or unemployment, but we might disagree about the causes.
Make sure you distinguish between primary and secondary
causes. For juvenile violence you will admit that there are other causes than those you’ve selected, but your
causes are more important (primary) than the others (secondary)
I Smart people disagree with my position. Should I
ignore them? Joke about them?
NO–you want to acknowledge that smart people disagree
with you. Then, respectfully demonstrate how they are incorrect in their conclusions. Anticipate objections
in your speech. Your surveys and research should guide you.
JDemonstrate Rhetorical sensitivity — the speech should be about the audience’s relationship to the subject,
and only secondly, about your relationship to the subject. Use pronouns "you", "yours", "our" "we." Ask the audience to imagine
themselves in the examples you use. Use rhetorical questions to shape the audience’s thinking.
MDon’t use all of the research you have found — only the very strongest information should appear in your speeches.
C Use all three types of evidence:
@ Demonstrate Clear Organization
Body — the bulk of your speech.
Your Main Points match your preview; Transitions separate Main
Conclusion-signals the end, recap matches preview
OTHER IMPORTANT GUIDELINES
==Time: 6-8 minutes
==Cite 4 sources DURING the speech
==TYPED Outline must be handed in on the day of the speech, BEFORE you may give your
Be sure you REVIEW
the Checklist from the Informative Speech!
Oh NO, I still can’t
get started….What should I do???
After you have researched
the topic, and you are overwhelmed with materials, you need to take a step backward and ask yourself these two very general
What is my Specific Purpose? To persuade my audience that _____ is a serious problem.
What is my Central Idea?
_______ is a serious problem because it has _____ effects,
and is caused by _________, and requires ___________ as a solution.